Tissue engineering of a bioartificial renal tubule

Abstract Development of a bioartificial renal tubule with a confluent monolayer of renal epithelial cells supported on a permeable synthetic surface may be the first step to further optimization of renal substitution therapy currently used with hemodialysis or hemofiltration. Madin-Darby canine kidney cells, a permanent renal epithelial cell line, were seeded into the lumen of […]

High frequency of well-defined Y-chromosome deletions

Abstract Idiopathic Sertoli cell-only syndrome (SCOS) is characterized by azoospermia, small testes, absence of germ cells in the testes, elevated follicle stimulating hormone and normal testosterone concentrations. The Y-chromosome is involved in the regulation of spermatogenesis and in the pathogenesis of a fraction of idiopathic male infertility. An azoospermia factor (AZF) is present on the […]

Ultrasound screening for congenital uterine anomalies

Abstract The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of congenital uterine anomalies in 1046 women attending gynaecological ultrasound clinics for a variety of indications. Using three-dimensional ultrasound, anomalies were found in 55 women (5.4%), including 32 (3.1%) with an arcuate uterus and 23 (2.3%) with major anomalies. You can trade on the […]

Detection of congenital müllerian duct anomalies

Abstract PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess the value of 3-dimensional sonography in the diagnosis of congenital müllerian duct anomalies, which cause infertility, preterm labor, and first trimester abortion. METHODS: A prospective study was undertaken in which 40 patients with histories of repeated spontaneous abortions or infertility were first examined using conventional […]

Reconstitution of human urothelium from monolayer cultures

Abstract PURPOSE: We established a 3-dimensional organ culture model of urinary tract tissue in which to study the effects of seeding cultured urothelial cells onto de-epithelialized urothelial stroma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Normal human urinary tract tissues were placed in organ culture or used to establish urothelial cell cultures. At passage 2 cell cultures were harvested […]