Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is a heterogeneous endocrine disorder affecting women of reproductive age. The syndrome is characterized by a combination of polycystic ovarian morphology, clinical features and biochemical indices. The objective of this prospective observational study was to investigate the relationship between the total ovarian volume and the ovarian stromal volume, measured using a three-dimensional (3D) ultrasound scan, with biochemical indices of PCOS.
Twenty-three infertile women (mean age +/- SD: 31 +/- 3.1 years; range: 26-37) with clomiphene citrate-resistant PCOS were examined. Early follicular phase (days 2-4) serum FSH, LH and testosterone concentrations were measured following a withdrawal bleed. Total ovarian volume, stromal volume, pre-antral follicle (<10 mm) number and total follicular volume were measured by 3D transvaginal ultrasound.
Total ovarian volume, follicular volume and follicle number correlated positively with serum FSH and LH, but not testosterone, concentrations. Ovarian stromal volume correlated strongly with total ovarian volume only, but not with serum FSH, LH or testosterone concentrations.
These findings demonstrate an association of the total ovarian volume, pre-antral follicle number and total follicular volume with some of the biochemical indices of PCOS, but no association was observed between ovarian stromal volume and these indices.
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